Lecture 3. The Great Xia: Xixia Kingdom and the sheltering of an Islamic prayer with Confucian virtues and the bodhisattva’s compassion

The northwestern Chinese provinces of Ningxia and Gansu are homes of the largest Sinicized Muslim communities, the Hui. Historically, this area often supported independent regimes coexisting with a major Chinese dynasty, such as the Xixia Kingdom in the 10th to 13th centuries. Bordering the Han Chinese, Turkic Uighur, and the Tantric Tibetan, architecture in the former land of the Great Xia evolved into significant local styles in different building types, Islamic mosques, Buddhist temples, religious as well as secular, and funeral as well as residential. This lecture will highlight some of the most representative works form different categories and historical periods within their respective mixed ethnic and cultural backgrounds.

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