This first lecture introduces the broad theme of modern colonialism of the 19th and 20th centuries and the state of the research field. It introduces the concept of empire and different types of colonies. It explores the role played by ancient empires as models for European powers during the modern era and the relationships between this emulation and architectural and urban form. Related cultural references are also addressed. The lecture presents a rationale for the focus on British, French, Dutch and Italian empires and introduces basic elements of historic architectures deployed within colonized territories. It ends with an introduction to the themes and case study cities featured in this lecture module. Contents: 1. Defining empire and “modern” colonialism a. Pre-19th-century empires b. “New” imperialism of the 19th and 20th centuries 2. Types of colonies 3. Cultural references in modern imperial spaces 4. Module themes 5. Case Study Cities a. Dutch colonization of Indonesia and Semarang b. French consolidation of power in North Africa and Algiers c. French colonization of Vietnam and Hanoi d. British colonization of the Indian subcontinent and New Delhi e. British colonization of Kenya and Nairobi f. British colonization of Australia and Melbourne g. Italian colonization of Ethiopia and Addis Ababa
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