The third lecture focuses on the architectures of power in colonial contexts. It considers how colonial powers represented themselves and their perceived superiority and strength through built environments including transport and communication networks, public monuments, and prominent government buildings (including clock towers, post offices, city halls, and parliaments), and educational institutions. The discussed built environments established and, for a time, maintained the socio-cultural, political, and architectural hierarchies critical to the colonial system. Contents: 1. Introduction: Power and Architecture 2. Fortifications a. VOC Fort, Semarang b. Fort William, Kolkata, 1773–81 c. The French fortifications, Algiers, 1847–94 3. Transport and Communication Networks a. “Ville Nouvelle” (New City), Tunis, begun 1860 b. Hoddle Grid, Melbourne c. King’s Way (Raj Path), New Delhi, 1923–31 d. Place d’Armes/du Gouvernement (Arms/Government Square), Algiers, begun 1830 e. Ghantaghar, Delhi, 1870 f. Clock towers in Algiers and Casablanca, 1852 and 1910 g. Hôtel des Postes (Postal Headquarters), Henri Saladin, Tunis, 1892 h. Grande Poste, Algiers, 1910 i. General Post Office, Melbourne, 1859–1907 j. Flinders Street Station, Melbourne, 1901–11 k. Lawang Sewu (Dutch East India Railway Co. Headquarters, building A), Semarang, 1904–07 l. Tawang Train Station, Semarang, 1914 m. Uganda Railways headquarters, Nairobi, 1924–27 n. Train terminal, Addis Ababa, 1917–29 o. Airfields, Addis Ababa and Dessiè 4. Representations of the State: Monuments a. Duc d’Orléans equestrian statue, Algiers, 1845 b. Jules Ferry statue and square, Tunis, 1899 c. King George V statue, Nairobi, 1945 d. “Monument to Explorers Burke and Wills”, Melbourne, 1865 e. Jaipur Column, New Delhi, 1930 f. All-India War Memorial (India Gate), New Delhi, 1931 5. Representations of the State: Buildings a. Governor-General’s House (Presidential Palace), Hanoi, 1906 b. Viceroy’s Palace, Addis Ababa, 1930 c. Viceroy's House (Rashtrapati Bhavan), New Delhi, 1931 d. Government House (State House), Nairobi, 1907 e. French Consulate/General Residence/Embassy, Tunis, 1861 f. Government House, Melbourne, 1872–76 g. Parliament House, Melbourne, 1856–92 h. Secretariat Building, New Delhi, 1927 i. House of Parliament (Sansad Bhavan), New Delhi, 1927 j. Treasury Building, Melbourne, 1858–67 k. Casa del Fascio, Addis Ababa, 1938 6. Knowledge and Education a. Mission schools, Melbourne b. Melbourne University, Melbourne, 1853 c. State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, 1854–70 d. University of Bombay, Mumbai, 1869–74 e. Collège-lycée Sadiki, Tunis, 1897 f. Indochina University, Hanoi, 1926 7. Conclusion
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