Lecture 4. Provision: Housing

The fourth lecture considers domestic architecture in each of the case study cities and how it exemplified hierarchical relationships and hybridisations between the building traditions of the local populations and colonizers. It introduces governor’s houses as expressions of power, adaptations of local housing types such as bungalows, courtyard houses, and shop houses; indigenous construction systems and materials; settlement patterns; and placemaking practices. It also looks at how housing types from the colonizer countries were adapted both for the white populations and for indigenous populations as a measure of control in colonies. Contents: 1. Introduction: Provision a. “Home as Empire” 2. Pre-Colonial Housing Forms a. Pre-Colonial Housing of Australia’s indigenous Peoples i. Australian wind systems ii. Dome shelter iii. Stone huts iv. Western desert camp b. Joglo house, Indonesia c. Stilt house, Vietnam and Indonesia d. Havelis, Old Delhi e. Pre Colonial Housing in Algiers f. Pre-colonial Ethio-Armenian-Gujarati type houses, Addis Ababa, 1913, 1931 3. Country Living a. Dutch Indies Country House, Indonesia b. British Colonial Suburban Houses, New Delhi c. Squatter Homestead, Australia d. Bungalow, Kenya 4. City Living a. French Quarter, Algiers b. City Villa, Hanoi c. Shophouses, Vietnam and Indonesia d. Terrace houses, Melbourne e. Suburban houses of the 1960s, Melbourne f. “Lutyens Bungalow Zone,” New Delhi, 1931 g. Italian INCIS and IACP housing districts, Addis Ababa, 1936-41 h. Italian housing districts, Dessie, 1936 i. Italian prefabricated housing, Gondar & Harar, 1936 5. Improvement Projects a. Aboriginal Missions, Australia, 1863 b. Delhi Improvement Trust, New Delhi, 1954 c. Housing plans in Urban Kenya, Nairobi, 1942 d. Climat de France “200 Columns” project, Algiers, 1953–58 e. ATBAT-Afrique projects, Casablanca, 1953 f. Slum Clearance, Melbourne 6. Conclusion

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