Lecture 5. Ritual: Religious spaces and regulation

This fifth lecture addresses religious and spiritual architectures in the colonized world, including those of the colonizers and indigenous residents. It looks at how colonial powers regulated local religious practices and spaces, and how Christian religious buildings used by the colonizing powers were placed in cities in manners that represented their position and interacted with the existing architectures of Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and folk religions. Contents: 1. Introduction: Spaces of Ritual 2. Christianity and the “Civilizing Mission” 3. Indigenous Beliefs and Practices a. Buddhism and Hinduism b. Islam c. Indigenous Australia 4. Delhi a. Jama Masjid, Delhi, 1656 b. St. James’s Church, New Delhi, 1836 c. Naya Mandir, Delhi, 1807 d. Charan Dasi’s Temple, Delhi, 18th century e. Kālīghāṭ Kālī Temple, Calcutta (Kolkata), 1809 5. Hanoi a. Temple of Literature, Hanoi, 11th century– b. St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Hanoi, 1888 6. Nairobi a. St. Peter Claver's Catholic Church, Nairobi, 1930s b. Jamia “Indian” Mosque, Nairobi, 1902 c. Khoja Mosque, Nairobi, 1920 7. Melbourne a. St. Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Melbourne, 1891 b. St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, Melbourne, 1897 c. Mickva Yisrael Synagogue, Melbourne, 1883 d. Aboriginal ritual camps, Australia 8. Tunis a. Zitouna Mosque, Tunis, 9th century– b. Cathedral of St. Louis de Carthage, Carthage (Tunis), 1890 c. Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul and St. Olivia, Tunis, 1897 d. Grand Synagogue, Tunis, 1937 9. Algiers a. Fishermen’s Mosque, (New Mosque), Algiers, 1661 b. Cathedral of Saint-Philippe (Ketchaoua Mosque), Algiers, 1838– 10. Addis Ababa a. St. George’s Cathedral, Addis Ababa, 1905 b. Holy Trinity Cathedral, Addis Ababa, 1931–43 c. Armenian church and Greek church, Addis Ababa, 1920s d. Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Addis Ababa, 1930 11. Semarang a. Demak Mosque Central Java, Semarang, 15th century b. Sukabumi Grand Mosque, Semarang, 20th century c. Blenduk Protestant Church, Semarang, 1753 d. St. Joseph’s Catholic Church, Semarang, 1855 12. Conclusion

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